5-way canine Distermper Vaccines By Angela Walter, DVM
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About 5-way canine Distemper Vaccines

Drs. Foster & Smith Educational Staff
Click here for a pdf version of this article.

5-way vaccines, often referred to as “Distemper shots,” contain 4 weakened viruses - Distemper, Adenovirus-2, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus-2 - and protect against 5 different diseases. Read on to learn more about the dangers of each disease.

Canine Distemper virus

Distemper, a serious - potentially fatal - disease, is most often seen in unvaccinated or under-vaccinated dogs and puppies. Transmitted from dog to dog through bodily fluids, the Distemper virus attacks the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, skin, and brain. Clinical signs correlate with the area of the body the virus attacks and include eye and nose discharge, coughing, poor appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, nose and pad calluses, tremors, and seizures.

Canine Adenovirus-2

Canine Adenovirus-2 (CAV-2), another component of 5-way vaccines, is one of the agents responsible for causing canine infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as kennel cough. In most cases, kennel cough causes only a hacking cough, but it can progress to pneumonia. CAV-2 also cross-protects against Canine Adenovirus-1, which causes infectious canine hepatitis.

Canine Parainfluenza virus

The Parainfluenza virus, also a cause of kennel cough in dogs, is another component of 5-way vaccines and some Bordetella vaccines.

Canine Parvovirus-2

Canine Parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) causes severe, sometimes deadly, gastrointestinal disease in unprotected dogs and puppies. Transmitted through direct dog-to-dog contact and through contact with infected feces, CPV-2 is highly contagious and can survive for long periods of time in the environment.

CPV-2 causes clinical signs including vomiting and diarrhea (may be bloody), decreased appetite, lethargy, and dehydration. Several different variants, or strains, of Parvovirus can cause illness. 5-way vaccines protect against all Parvovirus variants.

Protect rather than treat

Treatment for all of the aforementioned viral diseases mainly involves supportive care of symptoms - medications to control secondary bacterial infections, gastrointestinal upset, seizures, or other signs; intravenous fluids to correct dehydration; and limited use of antiviral drugs in the case of parvoviral infection. Therefore, protection in the form of 5-way vaccines is crucial. Protect your dog from devastating diseases. Keep your dog current on all necessary vaccines, and ask your veterinarian for guidance and assistance.

You can easily vaccinate your pet and help prevent dangerous disease at home. This saves you time and money while keeping your pet calmer and more comfortable throughout the entire vaccination process. Visit your veterinarian for guidance about which vaccines your pet requires, and then easily purchase affordable veterinarian-recommended vaccines from this website.

Learn more about animal vaccines here.

For additional details about vaccinating your pet(s) at home, click here.

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